Factors that affect parenting decisions
Social class, wealth, culture and income have a very strong impact on what methods of child rearing are used by parents. Cultural values play a major role in how a parent raises their child. However, as times change, cultural practices and social norms and traditions evolve as well, therefore parenting is always evolving.
A family’s social class plays a large role in the opportunities and resources that will be made available for a child.
A parenting style is the overall emotional climate in the home.
The “just right” style, it combines a medium level demands on the child and a medium level responsiveness
from the parents. Authoritative parents rely on positive reinforcement and infrequent use of punishment.
Parents are more aware of a child’s feelings and capabilities and support the development of a child’s
autonomy within reasonable limits. There is a give-and-take atmosphere involved in parent-child
communication and both control and support are balanced. Research shows that this style is more beneficial
than the too-hard authoritarian style or the too-soft permissive style. An example of authoritative parenting
would be the parents talking to their child about their emotions.
Authoritarian parenting styles
Authoritarian parents are very rigid and strict.. In 1983 Diana Baumrind found that children raised in an
authoritarian-style home were less cheerful, more moody and more vulnerable to stress. In many cases these
children also demonstrated passive hostility. An example of authoritarian parenting would be the parents
harshly punishing their children and disregarding their children’s feelings and emotions.
In these family settings, a child’s freedom and autonomy are highly valued. Children of permissive parents are
generally happy but sometimes show low levels of self-control and self-reliance because they lack structure at
home. An example of permissive parenting would be the parents not discipling their children.
There is no single or definitive model of parenting. Parenting strategies as well as behaviors and ideals of what parents expect, whether communicated verbally and/or non-verbally, also play a significant role in a child’s development.
- Communicate honestly – parents explain clearly to children what happened and how they were involved if they were
- Stay consistent
- Utilize resources available to them,
- Taking more interest in their child’s educational needs and early development.
- Keeping open communication and staying educated on what their child is learning and doing and how it is affecting them.
Educational toys to improve their children’s intelligence.
Social skills by taking their children out for daily walks, around the neighborhood storytelling, such as myths, and educational teasing, to teach their children important values and life lessons.
Storytelling is a way for Indigenous American children to learn about their identity, community, and cultural history. Indigenous myths and folklore often personify animals and objects, reaffirming the belief that everything possess a soul and must be respected. These stories help preserve language and are used to reflect certain values or cultural histories.
The playful form of teasing is a parenting method used in some Indigenous American communities to keep children out of danger and correct their behavior. This form of teasing utilizes stories, lies, or threats to guide children in making safe, intelligent decisions. It can teach children values by establishing expectations and encouraging the child to meet them via playful jokes and/or threats. For example, a parent may tell a child that there is a monster that jumps on children’s backs if they walk alone at night. This lie will help keep the child safe because instilling that fear creates greater awareness and lessens the likelihood that they will wander alone into trouble.