Gudi Padwa : The Festival of Maharashtrian New Year


Gudi Padwa

Gudi Padwa is the starting of Marathi New Year. The word Padwa is coming from the Sanskrit word Paddava and the word Gudi means nothing but a flag, so it got the name Gudi Padwa.  “Vikram Samvat” starts on the “Chaitra Shukla Pratipada”. It is the dynamic festival that comes on Chaitra Shukla Pratipada, the very first day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu lunar month of Chaitra. Actually the first day of the full moon fortnight, which, in Marathi, is known as “Padwa”. If Chaitra Shukla Pratipada exists on the sunrises of two consecutive days, the first day is considered for Gudi Padwa celebration.

As Gudi Padwa is the starting of New Year. It is assumed quite auspicious as new ventures are started and house-warming poojas are performed. Maharashtrians call it as Gudi Padwa, it is also known as Ugadi in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The festival is also known by different names in different states like Samvatsar Padvo, Yugadi, Ugadi, Cheti Chand or Navreh. It is known as Sajibu Nongma Panba Northeastern state of Manipur. The Sindhi community celebrates Gudi Padwa as Cheti Chand and noticed as the emergence day of Lord Jhulelaal. Prayers are offered to Lord Jhulelaal and the festival is celebrated by making sweet delicacies. The traditional meal on the occasion of Gudi Padwa is filled with delicious food items like Shrikhand and Puran Poli. The Konkanis prepare Kanangachi Kheer on this day which is a sweet dish made of sweet potato, coconut milk, jaggery, and rice.

As per the Vedic texts, it is assumed this day having great power in itself as Lord Brahma produced the world and time. This day is celebrated with an oil bath ceremony, also by the decoration of the main door with a garland, performing rituals and hoisting flag known as Gudi.  Gudi Padwa is the beginning of the New Year to the Maharashtrians. The arrival of a new year holds new hopes, new dreams and greater chances of prosperity and wish fulfilment and so it is celebrated with a lot of joy and pompousness throughout Maharashtra. Let’s enjoy this festival with full of energy and various colours.

Gudi Padwa Festival and Its Shubh Muhurat 

This year Gudi Padwa come down on 6th of April 2019. It usually comes down around 15 days after the Holi festival. Gudi Padva is an auspicious and lucky whole day itself it does not require any specific time for shubh muhurat.

Gudi Padwa Rituals

  • For Celebrating Gudi Padwa festival We should prepare beautiful rangoli design with bright colours like red, orange, yellow and as much as a good colour combination you want at the main door without it, this festival is not complete.
  • Marigold flowers and neem leaves should be used to decorate your entrance, living room, bathroom and every door of your home.
  • As soon as the sun rises, raise the flag “Gudi” and worship it.
  • Keep the Gudi towards the right side of your main door, which is believed the active part of your soul.
  • Place small branch of the mango tree and yellow silk cloth along with the red flowers on the Gudi.
  • Mark the auspicious Swastika sign with turmeric powder and vermillion.
  • Light candles throughout Gudi Padwa festival.
  • Keep the bamboo sticks on the upper side of the Gudi. Since a long time it is trusted that the Sun’s inner side gets very active on this day. At the time of sunrise, the godly consciousness passes on through frequencies of sun and it lasts long for the day. It is stored in the cells of an individual and is consumed later.
  • On the next day, drink the water from the copper pot, also serve water that divine water to the needy people.

Importance of Gudi Padwa or Marathi New Year

  1. It’s trusted that Lord Brahma has created our universe on the auspicious occasion of Gudi Padwa, that also indicates the end of winter and the starting of summer.
  2. As Satavahana King Gautamiputra Satakarni defeated the Sakas, the day is assumed as the victorious day in Ancient India
  3. People in Maharashtra also raise the flag to celebrate the victories of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
  4. Gudi Padwa the Marathi New Year also shows the end of the winter crop season and the beginning of the summer harvest season. Farmers in Maharashtra plough their agricultural lands on this auspicious day to ensure a good harvest all over the year.

Benefits of Gudi Padwa Celebration 

  1. It is strongly believed that the raising of Gudi brings good luck and prosperity in life.
  2. It is also believed that by eating bittersweet neem leaves on Gudi Padwa purifies the blood, strengthens the body and increases immunity. It gives natural freshness and helps your skin for healthy glowing.
  3. Initiating new venture, buying gold or a new vehicle is considered as auspicious too on the occasion of Gudi Padwa.
  4. As Gudi Padwa celebration is considered the harvest festival, it is a great day for the farmers. So, if you are planning on buying new seasonal fruits and vegetables, just go for it. It will give you good health.