Get to Know The Importance of World Heritage Day
The World Heritage Day which is also known as International Day for Monuments and places is an international inspection held on 18 April each year all over the world with different types of activities, consisting of visits to monuments and heritage sites, conferences, round tables, and newspaper articles. It has a theme each year, in 2017 it was Sustainable Tourism, in 2018 it was Heritage for Generation.
Heritage day offers a chance to lift the public’s awareness regarding the variety of cultural heritage, monuments, sites, and therefore the efforts that are needed to protect and conserve it, as well as draw awareness to its vulnerability.
Everybody knows that Ancient buildings and monuments are an asset for us and for the world. So, Heritage Day is a collective try of the communities in the world to do the needful. This day keep the cultural legacy and make people think about its sensitivity.
Let us study about the significance of the World Heritage Day, its theme, history, etc. Through this article.
What is a World Heritage site?
A World Heritage a landmark or area which is classified as a natural or man-made area or a structure that is of international importance, and space which requires special protection. The UN and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization officially recognized these places, which also known as UNESCO. UNESCO think that the sites classified as World Heritage are important for humanity, and they hold cultural and physical significance.
How many World Heritage Sites are there in India?
There is a total of 37 World Heritage Sites in India. It consists of 29 cultural sites, seven natural sites, and one mixed site. In India, there is the six largest number of sites in the world.
How many World Heritage Sites are there globally?
There are a total 1,052 Heritage Sites in the world. It Consists of 814 are cultural, 203 are natural and 35 are mixed. Fifty-five of these are in critical condition, including the birthplace of Jesus, the Church of the Nativity and Pilgrimage Route in Bethlehem.
Why is World Heritage Day important?
Basically, The day is celebrated for raising awareness of the challenges involved in protecting the World Heritage Sites. However, World Heritage Day gives us an opportunity to preserve and preserve our heritage, culture which paves ancient importance. In other words, they are having an outstanding universal value.
History of World Heritage Day
Every year we celebrate the World Heritage Day on 18 April, basically, to conserve the human heritage and to recognize all the efforts of relevant organizations. In 1982 the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) has announced 18 April as the World Heritage Day at last. General Assembly of UNESCO has approved by in 1983, In conclusion, having the aim of enhancing awareness about the importance of cultural heritage, monuments and to conserve them.
The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) organization was established on the principles set forth within the Venice Charter, additionally called as the 1964 International Charter on the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India
There is a total number of UNESCO World Heritage Site in India are 36 (In other words 1 mixed, 7 Natural and 28 Cultural).
On World Heritage Day, have a look at all 37 world heritage sites in India, which are designated by UNESCO:
- Kaziranga in Assam
- Manas Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam
- Sundarbans National Park in West Bengal
- The Western Ghats, These include Agasthyamalai Sub-Cluster, Periyar Sub-Cluster, Anamalai Sub-Cluster, Nilgiri Sub-Cluster, Talakaveri Sub-Cluster, Kudremukh Sub-Cluster, Sahyadri Sub-Cluster
- Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh
- Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya in Bihar
- Churches and Convents of Goa
- Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi
- Red Fort Complex in Delhi
- Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park in Gujarat
- Group of Monuments at Hampi in Karnataka
- Group of Monuments at Pattadakal in Karnataka
- Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh
- Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh
- Khajuraho Group of Monuments in Madhya Pradesh
- Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra
- Ellora Caves in Maharashtra
- Elephanta Caves in Maharashtra
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) in Maharashtra
- Sun Temple at Konark in Odisha
- Keoladeo National Park in Bharatpur, Rajasthan
- Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, Rajasthan
- Great Living Chola Temples in Tamil Nadu. Similarly, they include Brihadeeswarar temple in Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Airavateshwarar Temple at Darasuram, Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur.
- Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu
- Agra Fort in Uttar Pradesh
- Fatehpur Sikri in Uttar Pradesh
- Taj Mahal, Uttar Pradesh
- Rani ki Vav (The Queen’s Stepwell) of Patan, Gujarat
- Mountain Railways of India. Basically, It consists of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway in West Bengal, Nilgiri Mountain Railway in Ooty, Tamil Nadu, Kalka-Shimla Railway in Himachal Pradesh.
- Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks of Chamoli district of Uttarakhand
- Hill Forts of Rajasthan. They include Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Amber Sub-Cluster, Gagnon similarly.
- Nalanda in Bihar
- Khangchendzonga National Park In Sikkim
- Le Corbusier’s Architectural Work in Chandigarh
- The Historic City of Ahmadabad in Ahmedabad, Gujarat
- Qutb Minar in Delhi
- The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai