Get to Know The Importance of  World Heritage Day

Get to Know The Importance of  World Heritage Day

The World Heritage Day which is also known as International Day for Monuments and places is an international inspection held on 18 April each year all over the world with different types of activities, consisting of visits to monuments and heritage sites, conferences, round tables, and newspaper articles. It has a theme each year, in 2017 it was Sustainable Tourism, in 2018 it was Heritage for Generation.

Heritage day offers a chance to lift the public’s awareness regarding the variety of cultural heritage, monuments, sites, and therefore the efforts that are needed to protect and conserve it, as well as draw awareness to its vulnerability.

Everybody knows that Ancient buildings and monuments are an asset for us and for the world. So, Heritage Day is a collective try of the communities in the world to do the needful. This day keep the cultural legacy and make people think about its sensitivity.

Let us study about the significance of the World Heritage Day, its theme, history, etc. Through this article.

What is a World Heritage site?

World Heritage Day

A World Heritage a landmark or area which is classified as a natural or man-made area or a structure that is of international importance, and space which requires special protection. The UN and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization officially recognized these places, which also known as UNESCO. UNESCO think that the sites classified as World Heritage are important for humanity, and they hold cultural and physical significance.



How many World Heritage Sites are there in India?

There is a total of 37 World Heritage Sites in India. It consists of 29 cultural sites, seven natural sites, and one mixed site. In India, there is the six largest number of sites in the world.

How many World Heritage Sites are there globally?

There are a total 1,052 Heritage Sites in the world. It Consists of 814 are cultural, 203 are natural and 35 are mixed. Fifty-five of these are in critical condition, including the birthplace of Jesus, the Church of the Nativity and Pilgrimage Route in Bethlehem.

Why is World Heritage Day important?

Basically, The day is celebrated for raising awareness of the challenges involved in protecting the World Heritage Sites. However, World Heritage Day gives us an opportunity to preserve and preserve our heritage, culture which paves ancient importance. In other words, they are having an outstanding universal value.

History of World Heritage Day

Every year we celebrate the World Heritage Day on 18 April, basically, to conserve the human heritage and to recognize all the efforts of relevant organizations. In 1982 the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) has announced 18 April as the World Heritage Day at last. General Assembly of UNESCO has approved by in 1983, In conclusion, having the aim of enhancing awareness about the importance of cultural heritage, monuments and to conserve them.

The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) organization was established on the principles set forth within the Venice Charter, additionally called as the 1964 International Charter on the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites.


UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

There is a total number of UNESCO World Heritage Site in India are 36 (In other words 1 mixed, 7 Natural and 28 Cultural).

On World Heritage Day, have a look at all 37 world heritage sites in India, which are designated by UNESCO:

  1. Kaziranga in Assam
  2. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam
  3. Sundarbans National Park in West Bengal
  4. The Western Ghats, These include Agasthyamalai Sub-Cluster, Periyar Sub-Cluster, Anamalai Sub-Cluster, Nilgiri Sub-Cluster, Talakaveri Sub-Cluster, Kudremukh Sub-Cluster, Sahyadri Sub-Cluster

    World Heritage Day
    Western Gat
  5. Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh
  6. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya in Bihar
  7. Churches and Convents of Goa
  8. Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi
  9. Red Fort Complex in Delhi

    World Heritage Day
    Red Fort
  10. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park in Gujarat
  11. Group of Monuments at Hampi in Karnataka
  12. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal in Karnataka
  13. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh
  14. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh
  15. Khajuraho Group of Monuments in Madhya Pradesh
  16. Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra

    World Heritage Day
    Ajanta Caves
  17. Ellora Caves in Maharashtra
  18. Elephanta Caves in Maharashtra
  19. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) in Maharashtra
  20. Sun Temple at Konark in Odisha
  21. Keoladeo National Park in Bharatpur, Rajasthan
  22. Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, Rajasthan
  23. Great Living Chola Temples in Tamil Nadu. Similarly, they include Brihadeeswarar temple in Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Airavateshwarar Temple at Darasuram, Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur.
  24. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu
  25. Agra Fort in Uttar Pradesh

    World Heritage Day
    Agra Fort
  26. Fatehpur Sikri in Uttar Pradesh
  27. Taj Mahal, Uttar Pradesh
  28. Rani ki Vav (The Queen’s Stepwell) of Patan, Gujarat
  29. Mountain Railways of India. Basically, It consists of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway in West Bengal, Nilgiri Mountain Railway in Ooty, Tamil Nadu, Kalka-Shimla Railway in Himachal Pradesh.
  30. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks of Chamoli district of Uttarakhand
  31. Hill Forts of Rajasthan. They include Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Amber Sub-Cluster, Gagnon similarly.
  32. Nalanda in Bihar

    Wold Heritage Day
    Nalanda in Bihar
  33. Khangchendzonga National Park In Sikkim
  34. Le Corbusier’s Architectural Work in Chandigarh
  35. The Historic City of Ahmadabad in Ahmedabad, Gujarat
  36. Qutb Minar in Delhi
  37. The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai

    World Heritage Day
    The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai