All About Jallianwala Bagh Massacre In Amritsar
The terrible Jallianwala Bagh massacre happened in 13th April 1919, more than 100 years after the injuries are still remaining open with blood-curdling memories; mainly in the pre-independence generation.
The unjustified killings of hundreds of men, women, and children, in cold blood at Amritsar, by a group of British soldiers, were described by Mahatma Gandhi as having shaken the foundations of the British Empire.
Brigadier General Reginald Dyer had ordered the massacre on the day of Baisakhi, one of the huge festivals of Punjab,
Where an almost 15 to 20 thousand carouser of all religions had come together to celebrate the day, which Guru Gobind Singh established the Khalsa Panth in 1699.
Encompassed by houses and buildings, the entrances of Jallianwala Bagh had very small, most of which were fastened at all times.
The wide main entrance was guarded by troops, which was unlocked fire without warning and ongoing to fire until the shot was exhausted. The troops had given orders to shoot at the heaviest section of the crowd.
Hundreds of people died in the direct shooting, but there were several who lost their lives in stampedes at the narrow gates and many died jumping into the solitary well inside the bag, to escape firing.
General Dyer brought those vehicles which were equipped with machine guns.
It is unimaginable what the casualties would be able to get past the narrow entrances to the beach.
The firing that lasted for about 6 minutes, left destruction and devastation behind, with over 1000 innocent people, including children losing their lives and left thousands of other injured and scarred.
By taking back up in his headquarters, General Dyer announced that he had been confronted by a revolutionary army. However, the slaughter invokes feelings of deep distress and anger amongst people and catalyzed the freedom movement in Punjab.
This later paved the way for Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement against the British in 1920. It does not matter where we came from, but we should never forget where we come from.
Everyone should always remember the people, sacrifices, and events
That once upon a time dipped our nation in fear and grief.
History always plays an important role in our lives because
What had happened then gave us the freedom to live how.
It’s something we should pass on to our coming generations,
So we can always keep those who gave up their lives for us alive in our hearts. It will not realize them how blessed they,
But will also awake patriotism for their country and respect for the people who sacrificed their lives.
This memorial park stands as a touching statue to the pilgrims and festival-goers who lost their lives throughout a notorious 20th-century massacre.
Enter through a gatehouse and walk along the narrow passageway that leads into the now peaceful park.
British soldiers stood at this entrance, thus preventing the victims from escaping. Follow the tree-lined pathway to a red brick cenotaph surrounded by small pools.
Four lamps elegantly illuminate the cenotaph in the evening. Check out the eternal flame, which flickers 24 hours a day.
The well-preserved walls with numerous visible bullet marks provide significant reminders of the massacre. Look for the Martyrs’ Well, in which people jumped in a desperate bid to avoid the bullets.
Visit the park’s gallery to see an artist’s impression of the shootings, photographs, and portraits of the heroes of Indian independence.
The park situated in the heart of Amritsar’s old town and is a short walk from other major city attractions. The fascinating Golden Temple and lively Katra Jaimal Singh Market are both less than 10 minutes on foot.
Take a 10-minute taxi ride from the Amritsar Junction train station.
Jallianwala Bagh is open daily and admission is free of cost. Information signs are in English gives us details about the park’s landmarks and antiquity.